“Theft” is the term for the taking, or use, of another person’s property. Florida law has many different levels of theft, each with different punishments. The levels are determined by the value of the property taken.
Degrees and Levels of Theft
Generally, theft is divided into two different levels: grand theft and petit theft. Here is a look at the different levels of theft, and how they can affect you.
What is Grand Theft?
Grand theft is classified in three degrees, and is always charged as a felony.
Grand Theft in the First Degree. The taking of property valued at over $100,000. Some thefts, such as those of law enforcement semi-trailer trucks, those in which a motor vehicle is used, other than as a getaway car, or those that result in real property damage, are also considered first degree offenses.
Grand Theft in the Second Degree. The theft of property worth anywhere from $20,000 to $100,000. This category also includes the theft of emergency medical equipment, or law enforcement equipment taken from an emergency medical vehicle. The medical equipment taken would have to be valued at over $300 to fall into the second degree grand theft category.
Grand Theft in the Third Degree. The theft of property valued from $300 to $20,000.
The theft of some types of property, such as wills, firearms, motor vehicles, fire extinguishers, and stop signs, automatically qualifies for grand theft in the third degree, regardless of value.
Additionally, if property valued from $100 to $300 was taken from a home, or dwelling, the theft will be considered grand theft in the third degree.
What is Petit Theft?
Petit theft is the theft of property valued under $300. These crimes are both misdemeanors.
Petit Theft in the First Degree. If the property is worth between $100 and $300, then the crime is petit theft in the first degree.
Petit Theft in the Second Degree. Anything below $100 is classified as petit theft in the second degree.
In addition to the above categories, previous convictions can lead to upgraded classification for petit theft charges. For instance, if you have been convicted two or more times in the past, a petit theft will be charged as a felony of the third degree.
The classifications for the different levels of theft are complicated. Don’t take any chances; leave your defense in the hands of the experts. If you have been accused of any theft, contact LMW Attorneys for a free legal consultation.